We, from the 150YC team of authors and educators, highly recommend this resource for teachers. It includes diverse materials including primary documents, poetry, and archival images in a “history of the present” based on a comprehensive, historical account of “British Columbia” with a decolonial lens. Written by a diverse group of authors, it is unapologetic in its naming of white supremacy, genocide, and racism. It is well referenced, and even includes a poem by BCTF member Janisse Browning.
The Enhanced Digital Edition (EDE) includes new materials specifically designed for teaching. These resources help to highlight the stories of resistance to colonialism and white supremacy and emphasize the agency instead of victimhood of BIPOC communities. Moreover, this resource underscores the critical historical role of women in resistance and organizing.
For a how-to on the Enhanced Digital Edition, see our powerpoint presentation by Jessica MacVicar, recorded during the online launch of EDE and video series that took place on July 20, 2020. The EDE guide takes place between 16:20 - 21:30 of the video below.
Glossary: Aboriginal, Aboriginal Title, Indigenous, Colonialism, Pre-emption
With the increased inclusion of First Peoples’ content in the changing BC curriculum, there is a need to incorporate unappropriated First Peoples’ perspectives across the curriculum. The First Nations Education Steering Committee and the First Nations Schools Association, in collaboration with teachers and partners, have developed the following Learning First Peoples series of teacher resources to support English Language Arts, Science Social Studies and Mathematics courses.
The UBCIC's Digital Collections offer a variety of research and informational materials, including a research collection for educators.
George, Leonard. “Native Spirituality, Past, Present and Future.” BC Studies, no. 89 (Spring 1991). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i89.1397.
Iredale, Jennifer. “Mali Quelqueltalko: The Writings of a Nineteenth-Century Nlaka’pamux Woman.” BC Studies, no. 203 (Autumn 2019). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v203i203.191480.
Jeffries, Theresa M. “Sechelt Women and Self-Government.” BC Studies, no. 89 (Spring 1991). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i89.1388.
Knickerbocker, Madeline Rose, and Sarah Nickel. “Negotiating Sovereignty: Indigenous Perspectives on the Patriation of a Settler Colonial Constitution, 1975-83.” BC Studies, no. 190 (Summer 2016). URL: https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i190.187229.
Marsden, Susan. “Adawx, Spanaxnox, and the Geopolitics of the Tsimshian.” BC Studies, no. 135 (Autumn 2002). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i135.1639.
Neel, David. “Life on the 18th Hole.” BC Studies, no. 89 (Spring 1991). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i89.1394.
Recalma-Clutesi, Kim, Daisy Sewid-Smith, Clan Chief Adam Dick, Nancy J. Turner, and Douglas Deur. “Subsistence and Resistance on the British Columbia Coast: Kingcome Village’s Estuarine Gardens as Contested Space.” BC Studies, no. 179 (Autumn 2013). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i179.184182.
As you present this Chapter to the students, ask them to think about the challenges that Indigenous peoples, and African and Chinese immigrants face in British Columbia, and throughout Canada.
Glossary: Racism; prejudice, African descent, Chinese, Chinese Canadian
The British Columbia Black History Awareness Society (BCBHAS) celebrates the achievements of Black people in British Columbia by creating an awareness of the history of Blacks in B.C., stimulating interest in the contributions of persons of African ancestry to B.C. and Canada today, and celebrating historical and current achievements.
Located on Vancouver Island on the west coast of British Columbia, Victoria’s Chinatown is the oldest in Canada, and one of the oldest in North America. Enter our website to find out about the historical origins, community development, and changing geography of Victoria’s Chinatown.
Ames, Michael M., and Joy Inglis. “Conflict and Change in British Columbia Sikh Family Life.” BC Studies, no. 20 (Winter 1973-1974). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i20.789.
Ayukawa, Michiko Midge. “Good Wives and Wise Mothers: Japanese Picture Brides in Early Twentieth-Century British Columbia.” BC Studies, no. 105-106 (Spring-Summer 1995). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i105/106.979.
Barman, Jean. “Beyond Chinatown: Chinese Men and Indigenous Women in Early British Columbia.” BC Studies, no. 177 (Spring 2013). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i177.183677.
Dunae, Patrick Alexander. “Making the Inscrutable, Scrutable: Race and Space in Victoria's Chinatown, 1891.” BC Studies, no. 169 (Spring 2011). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i169.1740.
Ikebuchi, Shelly Dee. “Marriage, Morals, and Men: Re/defining Victoria’s Chinese Rescue Home.” BC Studies, no. 177 (Spring 2013). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i177.182457.
Ralston, Keith. “Audio Article: John Sullivan Deas: A Black Entrepreneur in British Columbia Salmon Canning.” BC Studies, no. 32 (Winter 1976-1977). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i32.905.
Stanley, Timothy. “Schooling, White Supremacy, and the Formation of a Chinese Merchant Public in British Columbia.” BC Studies, no. 107 (Autumn 1995). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i107.1003.
Woon, Yuen-Fong. “Between South China and British Columbia: Life Trajectories of Chinese Women.” BC Studies, no. 156-157 (Winter-Spring 2007-2008). https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/612.
As you present this chapter, encourage students to the ways in which racism can become embedded in the policies and practices of institutions. Ask students to reflect on strategies of resistance to institutional racism.
Glossary: Ethnicity, Prejudice, Race, Racism, White Supremacy
Lee, Carol. “The Road to Enfranchisement: Chinese and Japanese in British Columbia.” BC Studies, no. 30 (Summer 1976). https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/883/922.
Lamberton, Ross. “The BC Court of Appeal and Civil Liberties.” BC Studies, no. 162 (Summer 2009). https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/276/339.
Pasolli, Lisa. “‘A Proper Independent Spirit’: Working Mothers and the Vancouver City Crèche, 1909-20.” BC Studies, no. 173 (Spring 2012). https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/2319/182551.
As you present this chapter to students, encourage them to consider the ways in which Indigenous and racialized communities foster resilience, solidarity and resistance in White supremacist societies.
Glossary: South Asian, Gurdwara, Ghadar, Intersectionality
360 Riot Walk is an interactive walking tour of the 1907 Anti-Asian Riots in Vancouver. It utilizes 360 video technology to trace the history and route of the mob that attacked the Chinese Canadian and Japanese Canadian communities following the demonstration and parade organized by the Asiatic Exclusion League in Vancouver.
Guo, Shibao. “SUCCESS: A Chinese Voluntary Association in Vancouver.” BC Studies, no. 154 (Summer 2007). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i154.646.
Jackson, Peter and Audrey Kobayashi. “Japanese Canadians and the Racialization of Labour in the British Columbia Sawmill Industry.” BC Studies, no. 103 (Autumn 1994). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i103.930.
Johnston, Hugh. :The Komagata Maru and the Ghadr Party: Past and Present Prospects of an Historic Challenge to Canada’s Exclusion of Immigrants from India.” BC Studies, no. 178 (Summer 2013). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i178.183768.
Mar, Lisa Rose. “Beyond Being Others: Chinese Canadians as National History.” BC Studies, no. 156-157 (Winter-Spring 2007-2008). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i156/7.608.
Perry, Jay M. “‘The Present of California May Prove the Likeness of the Future of British Columbia’: Transnational Anti-Chinese Policies Before the Exclusion Era, 1850-1885.” BC Studies, no. 201 (Spring 2019). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i201.189650.
Glossary: Asian Canadian, Dispossession
Landscapes of Injustice is a research project headquartered at the Centre for Asia Pacific Initiatives at the University of Victoria, with collaborators across Canada. This website is based on the research of the their research.
This website and the accompanying downloadable workbooks are a learning resource on the internment of Japanese Canadians from 1942 to 1949 and the attainment of redress in 1988.
The Nikkei National Museum and Cultural Centre in Burnaby is a major landmark and resource on Japanese Canadian history. Book a tour, attend a class.
Cohn, Werner. “The Persecution of Japanese Canadians and the Political Left in British Columbia, December 1941-March 1942.” BC Studies, no. 68 (Winter 1985/86). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i68.1220.
Ikebuchi, Shelly, and Takara Ketchell. “It Is Food That Calls Us Home: A Multigenerational Auto-Ethnography of Japanese Canadian Food and Culture.” BC Studies, no. 207 (Autumn 2020). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.vi207.192359.
Lemire, Daniel Lachapelle. “Bittersweet Memories: Narratives of Japanese Canadian Children’s Experiences before the Second World War and the Politics of Redress.” BC Studies, no. 192 (Winter 2016-2017). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i192.187920.
Stranger-Ross, Jordan. “Telling a Difficult Past: Kishizo Kimura's Memoir of Entanglement in Racist Policy.” BC Studies, no. 181 (Spring 2014). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i181.184409.
Glossary: Decolonization, Intersectionality, Systemic Racism, White Privilege
Voices into Action is an online curriculum-based educational resource dedicated to providing students with access to information on issues regarding human rights, prejudice, and hatred. Designed by curriculum experts, this program utilizes a wide variety of media to present compelling information on a history of human suffering, stemming from social injustice that is still a growing problem today.
By integrating the study of history, literature, and human behavior with ethical decision making and innovative teaching strategies, our program enables secondary school teachers to promote students’ historical understanding, critical thinking, and social-emotional learning.
The Resilience BC Anti-Racism Network website provides many further tools, readings, videos, and other resources that address racism and hate.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Asian Canadians have been the subject of racist assaults and bigoted taunts. This Guide* sets out your rights and resources when you are the victim of or a witness to racist incidents.
Aguiar, Luis, Ann Mckinnon, and Dixon Sookraj. “Repertoires of Racism: Reactions to Jamaicans in the Okanagan Valley.” BC Studies, no. 168 (Winter 2010/11). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i168.1575.
Brown, Helen, and Kelsey Timler. “Work 2 Give: Fostering Collective Citizenship through Artistic and Healing Spaces for Indigenous Inmates and Communities in British Columbia.” BC Studies, no. 202 (Summer 2019). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i202.190439.
Davis, Lynne. “Home or Global Treasure? Understanding Relationships between the Heiltsuk Nation and Environmentalists.” BC Studies, no. 171 (Autumn 2011). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i171.1913.
Fobear, Katherine. “In Order for You to Love Something, You Need to Have Memories”: Exploring Feelings of Being In and Out of Place in Vancouver, BC.” BC Studies, no. 206 (Summer 2020. https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i206.189498.
Low, Margaret, and Karena Shaw. “Indigenous Rights and Environmental Governance: Lessons from the Great Bear Rainforest.” BC Studies, no. 172 (Winter 2011-2012). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i172.2247.
Lyall, Gordon Robert. “‘They smashed it right through our reserve’: The Problem of Settler Consultation for Infrastructure on Chawathil IR4.” BC Studies, no. 207 (Autumn 2020). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.vi207.191820.
Parajulee, Ramjee, Sara Shneiderman, and Ratna K. Shrestha. “Forging Community through Disaster Response: Nepali Canadians and the 2015 Earthquakes.” BC Studies, no. 205 (Spring 2020). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i205.191953.
Pratt, Geraldine. “Between Homes: Displacement and Belonging for Second-Generation Filipino-Canadian Youths.” BC Studies, no. 140 (Winter 2003/04). https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/1689/1735.
Timler, Kelsey, and Helen Brown. “The Prison Garden as an Artistic Boundary Object: Fostering Food Sovereignty and Social Citizenship for Indigenous People in British Columbia.” BC Studies, no. 202 (Summer 2019). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i202.190438.
Tobin, Alyssa and Tracy Calogheros. “Hodul’eh-a, A Place of Learning: The Exploration Place, Lheidli T’enneh, and the Rethinking of a Local Museum.” BC Studies, no. 199 (Autumn 2018). URL: https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i199.190243.
Willard, Tania, and Karen Duffek. “Make Yourself (Un)comfortable: Lawrence Paul Yuxweluptun at the Museum.” BC Studies, no. 198 (Summer 2018). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i199.190288.
O’Bonsawin, Christine and John Price, Eds. BC Studies: (Un)Settling the Islands: Race, Indigneneity, and the Transpacific, no. 204 (Winter 2019/20). https://https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i204.
Yu, Henry, Ed. BC Studies: Refracting Pacific Canada, no. 156/157 (Winter 2007/08). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i156/7.
Carleton, Sean. “Colonizing Minds: Public Education, the “Textbook Indian”, and Settler Colonialism in British Columbia, 1920-1970″.” BC Studies, no. 169 (Spring 2011). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i169.422.
Dubensky, Kate and Helen Raptis. “Denying Indigenous Education: Examples from Wei Wai Kum (Campbell River) and We Wei Kai (Cape Mudge).” BC Studies, no. 195 (Autumn 2017). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i195.189256.
Thomson, Gerald. “So Many Clever, Industrious and Frugal Aliens”: Peter Sandiford, Intelligence Testing, and Anti-Asian Sentiment in Vancouver Schools between 1920 and 1939.” BC Studies, no. 197 (Spring 2018). https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/189756/186997.
Williams, Lorna. “Ti wa7 szwatenem. What we know: Indigenous knowledge and learning.” BC Studies, no. 200 (Winter 2018/19). https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i200.191456.